Frederic Cambus

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Using pkgsrc on Mac OS X

· Pkgsrc

Given NetBSD focus on portability, it's only logical that pkgsrc is also available on systems other than NetBSD, including Darwin (Mac OS X). Here are some notes showing to bootstrap pkgsrc in unprivileged mode, which means that everything can easily be installed in the user home directory.

Before starting, we need to install Xcode Command Line Tools to get a working compiler.

Fetching and extracing latest pkgsrc stable release

This will create a ~pkgsrc directory:

cd
wget http://ftp.netbsd.org/pub/pkgsrc/stable/pkgsrc.txz
tar xfz pkgsrc.txz

Bootstrapping pkgsrc

Launching the bootstrap script and setting the ABI to 64-bit:

cd pkgsrc/bootstrap
./bootstrap --abi=64 --compiler=clang --unprivileged

This will create and start populating the ~pkg directory where all built packages will be installed.

For a complete list of available options:

./bootstrap -h
===> bootstrap command: ./bootstrap -h
===> bootstrap started: Sat Sep 27 21:59:08 CEST 2014
Usage: ./bootstrap
    [ --abi [32|64] ]
    [ --binary-kit <tarball> ]
    [ --binary-macpkg <pkg> ]
    [ --compiler <compiler> ]
    [ --full ]
    [ --gzip-binary-kit <tarball> ]
    [ --help ]
    [ --mk-fragment <mk.conf> ]
    [ --pkgdbdir <pkgdbdir> ]
    [ --pkginfodir <pkginfodir> ]
    [ --pkgmandir <pkgmandir> ]
    [ --prefer-pkgsrc <list|yes|no> ]
    [ --prefix <prefix> ]
    [ --preserve-path ]
    [ --quiet ]
    [ --sysconfdir <sysconfdir> ]
    [ --unprivileged | --ignore-user-check ]
    [ --varbase <varbase> ]
    [ --workdir <workdir> ]

Adding ~pkg to the path:

export PATH=$PATH:~/pkg/bin:~/pkg/sbin

Fetching security vulnerabilities information:

pkg_admin fetch-pkg-vulnerabilities

Adding some acceptable licenses to our pkgsrc configuration:

echo "ACCEPTABLE_LICENSES+= vim-license" >> ~/pkg/etc/mk.conf

Building packages

Here is how to build a package and clean the working directory and all dependencies:

cd ~/pkgsrc/category/package
bmake install clean clean-depends

Keeping pkgsrc up-to-date

First, we need to build CVS:

cd ~/pkgsrc/devel/scmcvs
bmake install clean clean-depends

We can then update pkgsrc using the following command:

cd ~/pkgsrc && cvs update -dP

Checking for security vulnerabilities in packages:

pkg_admin audit

Installing CA certificates

cd ~/pkgsrc/security/mozilla-rootcerts
bmake install clean clean-depends
mozilla-rootcerts install

For more details, please read the following post: Installing CA certificates on NetBSD.

Using binary packages

For those who prefer using binary packages, please check the Joyent packages repository and Save OS X.

Final words

After running Fink in 2009 on my Mac mini, and then Homebrew since late 2011 on my MacBook Pro, it's nice to explore alternatives especially since they are not mutually exclusive. It's in fact a nice idea to combine pkgsrc and Homebrew to get the best of both worlds and access to even more packages.

Lastly, for a comprehensive searchable database of packages, please check the excellent pkgsrc.se.